Tomb of Itimad-ud-Daulah

Often referred to as the “Baby Taj Mahal”, the tomb of Itimad-ud-daulah is a Mughal mausoleum and often regarded as a copy of the Taj Mahal. This is the first tomb in India made entirely of marble. It is the tomb of Mir Gheyas Beg (later known as Itimad-ud-daulah), who was a minister in the court of Shah Jahan. Visiting Itimad-ud-daulah’s Tomb is like taking a step back in time into Agra’s history.

The tomb of Itimad-ud-daulah marks the transition from the first phase of the Mughal architecture to the second. This was the first structure to make use of pietra dura and the first to be built on the banks of the Yamuna River. It basically consists of Indo-Islamic architecture, with the use of arched entrances and octagonal shaped towers. If you take a bird’s eye of Itimad-ud-daulah Tomb, it looks like a jewel box set in a garden. This magnificent mausoleum, built on the banks of Yamuna, was to inspire the construction of one of the wonders of the world “Taj Mahal” in the later years.


The monument remains open from dawn to dusk and one can visit anytime during the day. However, to catch the monument at its best, it is recommended that you pay it a visit during the sunrise when it looks even grander as it basks in the evening sun. Also, Agra has harsh summers, so during the summer, one can avoid visiting during the afternoon time as it can get too humid and uncomfortable. Chances of dehydration is common, so it is not recommended. 


This Mughal mausoleum is the tomb of Mirza Ghiyas Beg and his wife Asmat Begum. Also known as Itimad-ud-Daulah, Mirza Ghiyas Beg hailed from Iran and visited the court of Akbar and served as his Lord treasurer. Akbar’s son Jahangir married his daughter, Nur Jahan who was famous for her administrative abilities. Her passion for administration and the way she took responsibilities in the court gained the attention of Jahangir. When Mirza Ghiyas Beg died in 1622 in Agra, a few months after his wife’s death, his daughter, Nur Jahan built this marble mausoleum for her parents. The structure of this tomb resembles a jewel box in the midst of a lush green garden and is also the first building finished in white marble significant of the personality of the Iranian buried in it as well as the ornamental character of the builder, Nur Jahan who ruled the Mughal empire for about 16 years thereon. For example, any reader will find any cited book using unified reference in the reference list